Pediatric Neurosurgery - needs a dedicated team of neurosurgeons , paediatricians, neo natal and pediatric intensivists and nursing personnel with a focus on caring for children. Today, Pediatric Neurosurgery has extremely good results in Institutions that have such a team to focus on Pedatric Neurosciences. This involves operations on the Brain and spine. Pediatric Brain tumors and Congenital spinal disorders are the commonest problems faced by Neurosurgeons.Radiation Oncologists and Endocrinologists are also involved in the adjunct and long term therapy of such children.
Pediatric Brain Tumors
Brain tumors in children typically come from different tissues than those affecting adults. Treatments that are fairly well tolerated by the adult brain (like radiation therapy) may prevent normal development of a child's brain, especially in children younger than age 5.
It is estimated that in 2005, 3,410 new cases of childhood primary nonmalignant and malignant brain and central nervous system tumors were diagnosed. Of these cases, an estimated 2,590 were in children 15 and younger.
Some types of brain tumors are more common in children than in adults. The most common types of pediatric tumors are medulloblastomas, low-grade astrocytomas, ependymomas, craniopharyngiomas, and brain stem gliomas